Transnational Flows: Mapping the Extent, Pattern and Impacts within a Multi-scalar Comparative Framework in Gujarat
Authors: Biplab Dhak and Amita Shah
This report presents the results of a survey of 15,000 migrant households in Gujarat. International emigration from Gujarat is greater among the upper classes and castes, and non-Muslims, who also remit the largest volume of resources to the state. A majority of migrant resources are in the form of philanthropy, especially directed to religious institutions, rather than household level remittances for consumption as in Kerala. The data show that the type, amount, and uses of resources sent by migrants are influenced by the place of origin and the destination of migration, the duration of migration, and social factors such as religion and socio-economic status. The study reinforces the idea that transnational flows determined by different contexts and social classes have diverse and complex developmental and social implications.